Review Of Literature On Handwashing Technique
In India, a handwashing behavior change intervention targeting children less than 5 years old had notable impacts on diarrheal, ARI and eye infection prevalence, and school absences among these children (Nicholson et al.). However, a systematic review from community settings worldwide showed
Hand washing, also known as hand hygiene, is the act of cleaning one's hands with soap or handwash and water to remove viruses/bacteria/microorganisms, dirt, grease, or other harmful and unwanted substances stuck to the hands. Drying of the washed hands is part of the process as wet and moist hands are more easily recontaminated. If soap and water are unavailable, hand sanitizer that is at least 60% alcohol in water can be used instead, unless hands are visibly excessively dirty or greasy. Hand hygiene is central to preventing the spread of infectious diseases in home and everyday life settings.
Summary. Hand hygiene is an expanding discipline of infection prevention and control and hospital epidemiology. Hand hygiene, hand disinfection, and hand sanitizers are the main MeSH vocabulary to index the hand hygiene literature. In the MeSH Tree structure, hand hygiene is a broader term than hand disinfection and more specific than Communicable.
We reviewed 41 studies. The most frequently addressed determinants were knowledge, awareness, action control, and facilitation of behaviour. Fewer studies addressed social influence, attitude, self-efficacy, and intention. Thirteen studies used a controlled design to measure the effects of HH improvement strategies on HH behaviour.